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Sherlock Holmes ist eine vom britischen Schriftsteller Arthur Conan Doyle geschaffene Kunstfigur, die in seinen im späten und frühen Jahrhundert spielenden Romanen als Detektiv tätig ist. Sherlock ist eine britische Fernsehserie der BBC. Die Autoren Steven Moffat und Mark Gatiss versetzen dabei die von Sir Arthur Conan Doyle geschriebenen Detektivgeschichten in einen modernen Kontext und lassen Sherlock Holmes Holmes, die geheime Holmes-Schwester, welche von Sian Brooke gespielt wird. Holmes wird wenig später von Scotland Yard zu Blackwoods Grab bestellt, wo ein Zeuge von der Auferstehung Lord Blackwoods berichtet. Lestrade lässt. Alle Darsteller. Benedict Cumberbatch als Sherlock Holmes · Martin Freeman als Dr. John Watson · Rupert Graves spielt Inspector Lestrade. Rupert Graves als. Adventures of Sherlock Holmes () Gespielt von Maurice Costello 2. Sherlock Holmes () Gespielt von Viggo Larsen 3. Den graa dame () Gespielt.
William Sherlock Scott Holmes ist die Titelfigur der britischen TV-Serie Sherlock Sherlock von Louis Oliver gespielt und von Jonas Schmidt-Foß synchronisiert. Alle Darsteller. Benedict Cumberbatch als Sherlock Holmes · Martin Freeman als Dr. John Watson · Rupert Graves spielt Inspector Lestrade. Rupert Graves als. Hier wird Holmes von dem Briten Johnny Lee Miller gespielt. Die Drogenabhängigkeit von Holmes spielt eine zentrale Rolle in der Serie.
Sherlock Holmes Gespielt Von VideoSHERLOCK HOLMES CHRONICLES - Der Teufel von St. James CD 01_komplett Vasily Livanov In der von bis ausgestrahlten Serie click to see more sich genau an Arthur Conan Doyles Buchvorlage gehalten werden. Szenenbild aus "Sherlock Holmes" Quelle: Warner. So legt er sich beispielsweise eine Freundin zu und macht ihr sogar einen Spiderman a new universe, nur um in das Büro seines Gegenspielers zu gelangen. Er setzt eine zufällig herumliegende Mütze auf, um sich read more dem Blitzlichtgewitter der Fotografen zu schützen.
Sherlock Holmes Gespielt Von VideoSHERLOCK HOLMES CHRONICLES 25_Der Hund von Baskervielle_Teil 03
Mycroft has a unique civil service position as a kind of human database for all aspects of government policy. Sherlock describes his brother as the more intelligent of the two, but notes that Mycroft lacks any interest in physical investigation, preferring to spend his time at the Diogenes Club.
Holmes says that he first developed his methods of deduction as an undergraduate; his earliest cases, which he pursued as an amateur, came from fellow university students.
Financial difficulties lead Holmes and Dr. Watson to share rooms together at B Baker Street , London. Holmes frequently calls Watson's records of Holmes's cases sensational and populist, suggesting that they fail to accurately and objectively report the "science" of his craft:.
Detection is, or ought to be, an exact science and should be treated in the same cold and unemotional manner. You have attempted to tinge it [ A Study in Scarlet ] with romanticism, which produces much the same effect as if you worked a love-story or an elopement into the fifth proposition of Euclid.
Some facts should be suppressed, or, at least, a just sense of proportion should be observed in treating them. The only point in the case which deserved mention was the curious analytical reasoning from effects to causes, by which I succeeded in unravelling it.
Nevertheless, Holmes's friendship with Watson is his most significant relationship. When Watson is injured by a bullet, although the wound turns out to be "quite superficial", Watson is moved by Holmes's reaction:.
It was worth a wound; it was worth many wounds; to know the depth of loyalty and love which lay behind that cold mask. The clear, hard eyes were dimmed for a moment, and the firm lips were shaking.
For the one and only time I caught a glimpse of a great heart as well as of a great brain. All my years of humble but single-minded service culminated in that moment of revelation.
Holmes's clients vary from the most powerful monarchs and governments of Europe, to wealthy aristocrats and industrialists , to impoverished pawnbrokers and governesses.
He is known only in select professional circles at the beginning of the first story, but is already collaborating with Scotland Yard.
However, his continued work and the publication of Watson's stories raises Holmes's profile, and he rapidly becomes well known as a detective; so many clients ask for his help instead of or in addition to that of the police  that, Watson writes, by Holmes has "an immense practice".
The first set of Holmes stories was published between and Conan Doyle killed off Holmes in a final battle with the criminal mastermind Professor James Moriarty  in " The Final Problem " published , but set in , as Conan Doyle felt that "my literary energies should not be directed too much into one channel.
After resisting public pressure for eight years, Conan Doyle wrote The Hound of the Baskervilles serialised in —02, with an implicit setting before Holmes's death.
In , Conan Doyle wrote " The Adventure of the Empty House "; set in , Holmes reappears, explaining to a stunned Watson that he had faked his death to fool his enemies.
Holmes aficionados refer to the period from to —between his disappearance and presumed death in "The Final Problem" and his reappearance in "The Adventure of the Empty House"—as the Great Hiatus.
In His Last Bow , the reader is told that Holmes has retired to a small farm on the Sussex Downs and taken up beekeeping as his primary occupation.
Only one other adventure, " The Adventure of the Lion's Mane ", takes place during the detective's retirement. Watson describes Holmes as " bohemian " in his habits and lifestyle.
Watson describes him as. He had a horror of destroying documents Thus month after month his papers accumulated, until every corner of the room was stacked with bundles of manuscript which were on no account to be burned, and which could not be put away save by their owner.
While Holmes can be dispassionate and cold, during an investigation he is animated and excitable. He has a flair for showmanship, often keeping his methods and evidence hidden until the last possible moment so as to impress observers.
Except for that of Watson, Holmes avoids casual company. In "The Gloria Scott " , he tells the doctor that during two years at college he made only one friend: "I was never a very sociable fellow, Watson I never mixed much with the men of my year".
The detective goes without food at times of intense intellectual activity, believing that "the faculties become refined when you starve them.
At times Holmes relaxes with music, either playing the violin,  or enjoying the works of composers such as Wagner  and Pablo de Sarasate.
Holmes occasionally uses addictive drugs, especially in the absence of stimulating cases. Watson and Holmes both use tobacco, smoking cigarettes, cigars, and pipes.
Although his chronicler does not consider Holmes's smoking a vice per se , Watson—a physician—does criticise the detective for creating a "poisonous atmosphere" in their confined quarters.
Holmes is known to charge clients for his expenses and claim any reward offered for a problem's solution, such as in " The Adventure of the Speckled Band ", " The Red-Headed League ", and " The Adventure of the Beryl Coronet ".
The detective states at one point that "My professional charges are upon a fixed scale. I do not vary them, save when I remit them altogether".
In this context, a client is offering to double his fee, and it is implied that wealthy clients habitually pay Holmes more than his standard rate.
As Conan Doyle wrote to Joseph Bell, "Holmes is as inhuman as a Babbage 's calculating machine and just about as likely to fall in love".
How can you build on such quicksand? Their most trivial actions may mean volumes I should never marry myself, lest I bias my judgement.
But while Watson says that the detective has an "aversion to women",  he also notes Holmes as having "a peculiarly ingratiating way with [them]".
Hudson is fond of Holmes because of his "remarkable gentleness and courtesy in his dealings with women. He disliked and distrusted the sex, but he was always a chivalrous opponent".
Although this is her only appearance, she is one of only a handful of people who best Holmes in a battle of wits, and the only woman. For this reason, Adler is the frequent subject of pastiche writing.
To Sherlock Holmes she is always the woman. I have seldom heard him mention her under any other name.
In his eyes she eclipses and predominates the whole of her sex. It was not that he felt any emotion akin to love for Irene Adler.
And yet there was but one woman to him, and that woman was the late Irene Adler, of dubious and questionable memory. As the story opens, the Prince is engaged to another.
Adler slips away before Holmes can succeed. Her memory is kept alive by the photograph of Adler that Holmes received for his part in the case.
Shortly after meeting Holmes in the first story, A Study in Scarlet generally assumed to be , though the exact date is not given , Watson assesses the detective's abilities:.
Subsequent stories reveal that Watson's early assessment was incomplete in places and inaccurate in others, due to the passage of time if nothing else.
Despite Holmes's supposed ignorance of politics, in "A Scandal in Bohemia" he immediately recognises the true identity of the disguised "Count von Kramm".
In A Study in Scarlet , Holmes claims to be unaware that the earth revolves around the sun since such information is irrelevant to his work; after hearing that fact from Watson, he says he will immediately try to forget it.
The detective believes that the mind has a finite capacity for information storage, and learning useless things reduces one's ability to learn useful things.
Holmes is a cryptanalyst , telling Watson that "I am fairly familiar with all forms of secret writing, and am myself the author of a trifling monograph upon the subject, in which I analyse one hundred and sixty separate ciphers".
I daresay that if I had put pounds down in front of him, that man would not have given me such complete information as was drawn from him by the idea that he was doing me on a wager".
Maria Konnikova points out in an interview with D. Grothe that Holmes practices what is now called mindfulness, concentrating on one thing at a time, and almost never "multitasks.
Holmes observes the dress and attitude of his clients and suspects, noting skin marks such as tattoos , contamination such as ink stains or clay on boots , emotional state, and physical condition in order to deduce their origins and recent history.
The style and state of wear of a person's clothes and personal items are also commonly relied on; in the stories Holmes is seen applying his method to items such as walking sticks,  pipes,  and hats.
When Watson asks how Holmes knows this, the detective answers:. It is simplicity itself Obviously they have been caused by someone who has very carelessly scraped round the edges of the sole in order to remove crusted mud from it.
Hence, you see, my double deduction that you had been out in vile weather, and that you had a particularly malignant boot-slitting specimen of the London slavey.
Watson compares Holmes to C. Auguste Dupin , Edgar Allan Poe's fictional detective, who employed a similar methodology.
Alluding to an episode in " The Murders in the Rue Morgue ", where Dupin determines what his friend is thinking despite their having walked together in silence for a quarter of an hour, Holmes remarks: "That trick of his breaking in on his friend's thoughts with an apropos remark Though the stories always refer to Holmes's intellectual detection method as " deduction ", he primarily relies on abduction : inferring an explanation for observed details.
The detective's guiding principle, as he says in The Sign of Four , is: "When you have eliminated the impossible, whatever remains, however improbable, must be the truth".
Despite Holmes's remarkable reasoning abilities, Conan Doyle still paints him as fallible in this regard this being a central theme of " The Yellow Face ".
Though Holmes is famed for his reasoning capabilities, his investigative technique relies heavily on the acquisition of hard evidence.
Many of the techniques he employs in the stories were at the time in their infancy. The detective is particularly skilled in the analysis of trace evidence and other physical evidence, including latent prints such as footprints, hoof prints, and shoe and tire impressions to identify actions at a crime scene;  using tobacco ashes and cigarette butts to identify criminals;  handwriting analysis and graphology ;  comparing typewritten letters to expose a fraud;  using gunpowder residue to expose two murderers;  and analyzing small pieces of human remains to expose two murders.
Because of the small scale of much of his evidence, the detective often uses a magnifying glass at the scene and an optical microscope at his Baker Street lodgings.
He uses analytical chemistry for blood residue analysis and toxicology to detect poisons; Holmes's home chemistry laboratory is mentioned in " The Naval Treaty ".
Laura J. Snyder has examined Holmes's methods in the context of mid- to lateth-century criminology, demonstrating that, while sometimes in advance of what official investigative departments were formally using at the time, they were based upon existing methods and techniques.
For example, fingerprints were proposed to be distinct in Conan Doyle's day, and while Holmes used a thumbprint to solve a crime in " The Adventure of the Norwood Builder " generally held to be set in , the story was published in , two years after Scotland Yard's fingerprint bureau opened.
Holmes displays a strong aptitude for acting and disguise. In the latter story, Watson says, "The stage lost a fine actor Until Watson's arrival at Baker Street Holmes largely worked alone, only occasionally employing agents from the city's underclass; these agents included a variety of informants , such as Langdale Pike, a "human book of reference upon all matters of social scandal",  and Shinwell Johnson, who acted as Holmes's "agent in the huge criminal underworld of London".
Holmes and Watson often carry pistols with them to confront criminals—in Watson's case, his old service weapon probably a Mark III Adams revolver , issued to British troops during the s.
As a gentleman, Holmes often carries a stick or cane. He is described by Watson as an expert at singlestick  and uses his cane twice as a weapon.
The detective is described or demonstrated as possessing above-average physical strength. Roylott demonstrates his strength by bending a fire poker in half.
Watson describes Holmes as laughing, "'if he had remained I might have shown him that my grip was not much more feeble than his own.
Holmes is an adept bare-knuckle fighter; "The Gloria Scott " mentions that Holmes boxed while at university. You might have aimed high if you had joined the fancy.
The first two Sherlock Holmes stories, the novels A Study in Scarlet and The Sign of the Four , were moderately well received, but Holmes first became widely popular early in , when the first six short stories featuring the character were published in The Strand Magazine.
Holmes became very popular in Britain and America. The Strand reportedly lost more than 20, subscribers as a result of Holmes's death.
Public pressure eventually contributed to Conan Doyle writing another Holmes story in and resurrecting the character in a story published in Though the address B Baker Street did not exist when the stories were first published, letters began arriving to the large Abbey National building which first encompassed that address almost as soon as it was built in Fans continue to send letters to Sherlock Holmes;  these letters are now delivered to the Sherlock Holmes Museum.
In a survey of British teenagers, 58 percent of respondents believed that Sherlock Holmes was a real individual. The Sherlock Holmes stories continue to be widely read.
The London Metropolitan Railway named one of its twenty electric locomotives deployed in the s for Sherlock Holmes. He was the only fictional character so honoured, along with eminent Britons such as Lord Byron , Benjamin Disraeli , and Florence Nightingale.
A number of London streets are associated with Holmes. In , the Royal Society of Chemistry bestowed an honorary fellowship on Holmes for his use of forensic science and analytical chemistry in popular literature, making him as of the only fictional character thus honoured.
McClure was unveiled in Chester, Illinois , becoming the first permanent granite memorial to Holmes in the Americas. Both are still active, although the Sherlock Holmes Society was dissolved in and revived in There are at least societies worldwide, including Australia, Canada The Bootmakers of Toronto , India, and Japan whose society has 80, members.
Although Holmes is not the original fictional detective, his name has become synonymous with the role. Doyle's Sherlock Holmes stories introduced multiple literary devices that have become major conventions in detective fiction, such as the companion character who is not as clever as the detective and has solutions explained to him thus informing the reader as well , as with Dr.
Watson in the Holmes stories. Other conventions introduced by Doyle include the arch-criminal who is too clever for the official police to defeat, like Holmes's adversary Professor Moriarty , and the use of forensic science to solve cases.
The Sherlock Holmes stories established crime fiction as a respectable genre popular with readers of all backgrounds, and Doyle's success inspired many contemporary detective stories.
Raffles created by E. The phrase " Elementary, my dear Watson " has become one of the most quoted and iconic aspects of the character.
However, although Holmes often observes that his conclusions are "elementary", and occasionally calls Watson "my dear Watson", the phrase "Elementary, my dear Watson" is never uttered in any of the sixty stories by Conan Doyle.
William Gillette is widely considered to have originated the phrase with the formulation, "Oh, this is elementary, my dear fellow", allegedly in his play Sherlock Holmes.
However, the script was revised numerous times over the course of some three decades of revivals and publications, and the phrase is present in some versions of the script, but not others.
Wodehouse 's novel Psmith, Journalist serialised — Conan Doyle's 56 short stories and four novels are known as the " canon " by Holmes aficionados.
The Great Game also known as the Holmesian Game, the Sherlockian Game, or simply the Game applies the methods of literary criticism to the canon, but also operates on the pretense that Holmes and Watson were real people and that Conan Doyle was not the author of the stories but Watson's literary agent.
From this basis, it attempts to resolve or explain away contradictions in the canon—such as the location of Watson's war wound, described as being in his shoulder in A Study in Scarlet and in his leg in The Sign of Four —and clarify details about Holmes, Watson and their world, combining historical research with references from the stories to construct scholarly analyses.
For example, one detail analyzed in the Game is Holmes's birth date. The chronology of the stories is notoriously difficult, with many stories lacking dates and many others containing contradictory ones.
Christopher Morley and William Baring-Gould contend that the detective was born on 6 January , the year being derived from the statement in "His Last Bow" that he was 60 years of age in , while the precise day is derived from broader, non-canonical speculation.
King instead argues that details in "The Gloria Scott " a story with no precise internal date indicate that Holmes finished his second and final year of university in or If he began university at age 17, his birth year could be as late as For the Festival of Britain , Holmes's living room was reconstructed as part of a Sherlock Holmes exhibition, with a collection of original material.
After the festival, items were transferred to The Sherlock Holmes a London pub and the Conan Doyle collection housed in Lucens , Switzerland by the author's son, Adrian.
Both exhibitions, each with a Baker Street sitting-room reconstruction, are open to the public. Stored today in Room B, this vast collection is accessible to the public.
Access is closed to the general public, but is occasionally open to tours. In , the Sherlock Holmes Museum opened on Baker Street in London, followed the next year by a museum in Meiringen near the Reichenbach Falls dedicated to the detective.
The popularity of Sherlock Holmes has meant that many writers other than Arthur Conan Doyle have created tales of the detective in a wide variety of different media, with varying degrees of fidelity to the original characters, stories, and setting.
The first known period pastiche dates from Adaptations have seen the character taken in radically different directions or placed in different times or even universes.
For example, Holmes falls in love and marries in Laurie R. King 's Mary Russell series, is re-animated after his death to fight future crime in the animated series Sherlock Holmes in the 22nd Century , and is meshed with the setting of H.
An especially influential pastiche was Nicholas Meyer 's The Seven-Per-Cent Solution , a New York Times bestselling novel made into the film of the same name in which Holmes's cocaine addiction has progressed to the point of endangering his career.
It served to popularize the trend of incorporating clearly identified and contemporaneous historical figures such as Oscar Wilde , Aleister Crowley , Sigmund Freud , or Jack the Ripper into Holmesian pastiches, something Conan Doyle himself never did.
In addition to the Holmes canon , Conan Doyle's " The Lost Special " features an unnamed "amateur reasoner" intended to be identified as Holmes by his readers.
The author's explanation of a baffling disappearance argued in Holmesian style poked fun at his own creation.
Milne , and P. Wodehouse have all written Sherlock Holmes pastiches. Some authors have written tales centred on characters from the canon other than Holmes.
Anthologies edited by Michael Kurland and George Mann are entirely devoted to stories told from the perspective of characters other than Holmes and Watson.
John Gardner , Michael Kurland, and Kim Newman , amongst many others, have all written tales in which Holmes's nemesis Professor Moriarty is the main character.
Hodel and Sean M. Trow has written a series of seventeen books using Inspector Lestrade as the central character, beginning with The Adventures of Inspector Lestrade in Holmes retelling that story from Adler's point of view.
Hudson is the protagonist. Laurie R. Her Holmes, semi-retired in Sussex, is stumbled upon by a teenaged American girl. Recognising a kindred spirit, he trains her as his apprentice and subsequently marries her.
As of , the series includes sixteen base novels and additional writings. Bislang wurden vier Staffeln, eine Kurzepisode und eine Spezial-Folge produziert.
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Archived from the original on 26 October Archived from the original on 5 JanuaryNamespaces Article Talk. Although Holmes is not the original fictional detective, his das die biest und kino schГ¶ne has become synonymous with the role. Speedy's, the sandwich shop below the flat used as Holmes' residence, reported a sharp rise in new customers who recognised it from the. Aware that The Hound of the Baskervillesfirst published inwas one of the most famous can sebastian gerold And Conan Doyle's original stories, Gatiss felt a greater responsibility to include familiar elements of the story than he does when this web page the lesser-known stories. Retrieved 31 December Den of Geek.