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Joe johnston

Joe Johnston Joe Johnston

Joseph „Joe“ Johnston ist ein US-amerikanischer Designer und Regisseur. Joseph „Joe“ Johnston (* Mai in Fort Worth, Texas) ist ein US-​amerikanischer Designer und Regisseur. Inhaltsverzeichnis. 1 Leben und Karriere. Joseph Eggleston Johnston (* 3. Februar auf dem Familiensitz Cherry Grove bei Farmville, Prince Edward County, Virginia; † März in Washington. Joe Johnston. Schauspieler • Producer • Regisseur • Drehbuchautor • Visual Effects Producer. Glänzender Stratege von Special-Effects-Filmen und Regisseur​. Entdecke alle Serien und Filme von Joe Johnston. Von den Anfängen seiner Karriere bis zu geplanten Projekten.

joe johnston

Alle Infos zu Joe Johnston, bekannt aus Captain America - The First Avenger und Jumanji. Joseph „Joe“ Johnston ist ein US-amerikanischer Designer und Regisseur. Joseph „Joe“ Johnston (* Mai in Fort Worth, Texas) ist ein US-​amerikanischer Designer und Regisseur. Inhaltsverzeichnis. 1 Leben und Karriere.

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Joe Johnston interview - The Rocketeer

In , the Johnston family moved to Abingdon, Virginia , a town near the Tennessee border, where his father Peter built a home he named Panecillo.

Calhoun in while he was Secretary of War. He was moderately successful at academics and received only a small number of disciplinary demerits.

He graduated in , ranking 13th of 46 cadets, and was appointed a second lieutenant in the 4th U. Army than did his classmate, Robert E.

Lee 2nd of Johnston resigned from the Army in March and studied civil engineering. On January 12, , at Jupiter, Florida , the sailors who had gone ashore were attacked.

Johnston said there were "no less than 30 bullet holes" in his clothing and one bullet creased his scalp, leaving a scar he had for the rest of his life.

Having encountered more combat activities in Florida as a civilian than he had previously as an artillery officer, Johnston decided to rejoin the Army.

He departed for Washington, D. Her father was the president of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad , a prominent politician congressman and senator from Delaware , minister to London , and a member of President Andrew Jackson 's cabinet.

They had no children. Johnston was enthusiastic about the outbreak of the Mexican—American War. He served on the staff of Lt. Winfield Scott in the Siege of Veracruz , having been chosen by Scott to be the officer carrying the demand for surrender beforehand to the provincial governor.

He was in the vanguard of the movement inland under Brig. David E. Twiggs and was severely wounded by grapeshot performing reconnaissance prior to the Battle of Cerro Gordo.

He was appointed a brevet lieutenant colonel for his actions at Cerro Gordo. After recovering in a field hospital, he rejoined the army at Puebla.

During the advance toward Mexico City, he was second in command of the " U. Regiment of Voltigeurs ", a unit composed of light infantry or skirmishers.

He distinguished himself at Contreras and Churubusco , was wounded again at Chapultepec , and received two brevet promotions for the latter two engagements, ending the war as a brevet colonel of volunteers.

After the end of hostilities, he reverted to his peacetime rank of captain in the topographical engineers.

Winfield Scott remarked humorously that "Johnston is a great soldier, but he had an unfortunate knack of getting himself shot in nearly every engagement.

When Robert E. Lee informed Johnston that Preston had been killed by a Mexican artillery shell at Contreras, both officers wept, and Johnston grieved for the remainder of his life.

Johnston was an engineer on the Texas-United States boundary survey in ; he returned to the area, appointed as chief topographical engineer of the Department of Texas, and serving from to Secretary of War Jefferson Davis , an acquaintance of Johnston's from West Point, rebuffed these suggestions, as he did later during the Civil War, much to Johnston's irritation.

Despite this disagreement, Davis thought enough of Johnston to appoint him lieutenant colonel in one of the newly formed regiments, the 1st U.

Cavalry at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas , under Col. Edwin V. At this same time, Robert E. Lee was appointed lieutenant colonel of the 2nd U.

Cavalry under Col. Albert Sidney Johnston no relation. In this role, Johnston participated in actions against the Sioux in the Wyoming Territory and in the violence over slavery in the future state, known as Bleeding Kansas.

He developed a mentor relationship and close friendship with one of his junior officers, Capt. Later McClellan faced him from the Union Army.

In the fall of , Johnston was transferred to a depot for new recruits at Jefferson Barracks, Missouri. In he led surveying expeditions to determine the Kansas border.

Floyd , a native of Abingdon and a cousin of Johnston's by marriage. He had been a former guardian of Preston Johnston. Floyd made Johnston a brevet colonel for his actions at Cerro Gordo, a promotion that caused grumbling within the Army about favoritism.

He was also ordered to inspect possible military routes across the country in case of further hostilities.

Thomas S. Jesup , the Quartermaster General of the U. Army, died on June 10, Winfield Scott was responsible for naming a replacement, but instead of one name, he offered four possibilities: Joseph E.

Lee, and Charles F. Johnston for the position. Johnston was promoted to brigadier general on June 28, Johnston did not enjoy the position, preferring field command to administration in Washington.

He did not yield to temptation, however, as Secretary of War Floyd was accused of doing. When his native state, Virginia seceded from the Union in , Johnston resigned his commission as a brigadier general in the regular army , the highest-ranking U.

Army officer to do so. He would go on to state, " I believed like most others, that the division of the country would be permanent; and that Having been educated in such opinions, I naturally determined to return to the State of which I was a native, join the people among whom I was born, and live with my kindred, and if necessary, fight in their defense.

He was initially commissioned as a major general in the Virginia militia on May 4, but the Virginia Convention decided two weeks later that only one major general was required in the state army and Robert E.

Lee was their choice. Johnston was then offered a state commission as a brigadier general, which he declined, accepting instead a commission as a brigadier general in the Confederate States Army on May Johnston relieved Colonel Thomas J.

Beauregard , but he lacked familiarity with the terrain and ceded tactical planning of the battle to the more junior Beauregard as a professional courtesy.

At midday, while Beauregard was still unclear about the direction his Union opponent was taking in the battle, Johnston decided that the critical point was to the north of his headquarters the Lewis house, "Portici" , at Henry House Hill.

He abruptly announced "The battle is there. I am going. Johnston encountered a scattered unit, the 4th Alabama, all of whose field grade officers had been killed, and personally rallied the men to reinforce the Confederate line.

He consoled the despairing Brig. Barnard Bee and urged him to lead his men back into the fight. General Bee's exhortation to his men was the inspiration for Stonewall Jackson's nickname.

Beauregard then convinced Johnston that he would be more valuable organizing the arrival of reinforcements for the remainder of the battle than providing at-the-front tactical leadership.

Although Beauregard managed to claim the majority of public credit, Johnston's behind-the-scenes role was a critical factor in the Southern victory.

It was Johnston's idea to make the flag square. In August, Johnston was promoted to full general —what is called a four-star general in the modern U.

Army—but was not pleased that three other men he had outranked in the "old Army" now outranked him, even though Davis backdated his promotion to July 4.

Johnston felt that since he was the senior officer to leave the U. Only Beauregard was placed behind Johnston on the list of five new generals.

This led to much bad blood between Johnston and Jefferson Davis, which would last throughout the war.

The crux of Davis's counterargument was that Johnston's U. Johnston sent an intemperately worded letter to Davis, who was offended enough to discuss its tone with his cabinet.

McClellan perceived Johnston's army as overwhelmingly strong in its fortifications, which prompted the Union general to plan an amphibious movement around Johnston's flank.

This movement had repercussions on both sides. President Davis was surprised and disappointed by the unannounced move, which he considered a "precipitate retreat.

Lee to Richmond as his military adviser and began issuing direct orders to some of the forces under Johnston's ostensible command.

On the Northern side, McClellan was publicly embarrassed when it was revealed that the Confederate position had not been nearly as strong as he had portrayed.

But more importantly, it required him to replan his spring offensive, and instead of an amphibious landing at his preferred target of Urbanna , he chose the Virginia Peninsula , between the James and York Rivers, as his avenue of approach toward Richmond.

Johnston's plan for the defense of the Confederate capital was controversial. Knowing that his army was half the size of McClellan's and that the Union Navy could provide direct support to McClellan from either river, Johnston attempted to convince Davis and Lee that the best course would be to concentrate in fortifications around Richmond.

He was unsuccessful in persuading them and deployed most of his force on the Peninsula. Following lengthy siege preparations by McClellan at Yorktown, Johnston withdrew and fought a sharp defensive fight at Williamsburg May 5 and turned back an attempt at an amphibious turning movement at Eltham's Landing May 7.

By late May the Union army was within six miles of Richmond. Realizing that he could not defend Richmond forever from the Union's overwhelming numbers and heavy siege artillery and that McClellan's army was divided by the rain-swollen Chickahominy River , Johnston attacked south of the river on May 31 in the Battle of Seven Pines or Fair Oaks.

His plan was aggressive, but too complicated for his subordinates to execute correctly, and he failed to ensure they understood his orders in detail or to supervise them closely.

The battle was tactically inconclusive, but it stopped McClellan's advance on the city and would turn out to be the high-water mark of his invasion.

More significant, however, was that Johnston was wounded in his shoulder and chest by an artillery shell fragment near the end of the first day of the battle.

Smith commanded the army during the second day of the battle, before Davis quickly turned over command to the more aggressive Robert E. Lee, who would lead the Army of Northern Virginia for the rest of the war.

Johnston was prematurely discharged from hospital on November 24, , and appointed to command the Department of the West, the principal command of the Western Theater , which gave him titular control of Gen.

Braxton Bragg 's Army of Tennessee and Lt. John C. Pemberton 's Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana.

The other major force in this area was the Trans-Mississippi Department, commanded by Lt.

Theophilus H. Holmes , stationed principally in Arkansas. Johnston argued throughout his tenure that Holmes's command should be combined with Pemberton's under Johnston's control, or at least to reinforce Pemberton with troops from Holmes's command, but he was unable to convince the government to take either of these steps.

The first issue facing Johnston in the West was the fate of Braxton Bragg. The Confederate government was displeased with Bragg's performance at the Battle of Stones River , as were many of Bragg's senior subordinates.

Jefferson Davis ordered Johnston to visit Bragg and determine whether he should be replaced. Johnston realized that if he recommended Bragg's replacement, he would be the logical choice to succeed him, and he considered that a field army command was more desirable than his current, mostly administrative post, but his sense of honor prevented him from achieving this personal gain at Bragg's expense.

After interviewing Bragg and a number of his subordinates, he produced a generally positive report and refused to relieve the army commander.

Davis ordered Bragg to a meeting in Richmond and designated Johnston to take command in the field, but Bragg's wife was ill and he was unable to travel.

Furthermore, in early April Johnston was forced to bed with lingering problems from his Peninsula wound, and the attention of the Confederates shifted from Tennessee to Mississippi, leaving Bragg in place.

The major crisis facing Johnston was defending Confederate control of Vicksburg, Mississippi , which was threatened by Union Maj.

Ulysses S. Grant , first in a series of unsuccessful maneuvers during the winter of —63 to the north of the fortress city, but followed in April with an ambitious campaign that began with Grant's Union army crossing the Mississippi River southwest of Vicksburg.

Catching Lt. Pemberton by surprise, the Union army waged a series of successful battles as it moved northeast toward the state capital of Jackson.

On May 9, the Confederate Secretary of War directed Johnston to "proceed at once to Mississippi and take chief command of the forces in the field.

When he arrived in Jackson on May 13 from Middle Tennessee, he learned that two Union army corps were advancing on the city and that there were only about 6, troops available to defend it.

Johnston ordered a fighting evacuation the Battle of Jackson , May 14 and retreated with his force to the north. Grant captured the city and then faced to the west to approach Vicksburg.

The survivors retreated to the fortifications of Vicksburg. Johnston urged Pemberton to avoid being surrounded by abandoning the city and to join forces with Johnston's troops, outnumbering Grant, but Davis had ordered Pemberton to defend the city as his highest priority.

Grant launched two unsuccessful assaults against the fortifications and then settled in for a siege.

The soldiers and civilians in the surrounded city waited in vain for Johnston's small force to come to their rescue. By late May Johnston had accumulated about 24, men but wanted additional reinforcements before moving forward.

He considered ordering Bragg to send these reinforcements, but was concerned that this could result in the loss of Tennessee.

He also bickered with President Davis about whether the order sending him to Mississippi could be construed as removing him from theater command; historian Steven E.

Woodworth judges that Johnston "willfully misconstrued" his orders out of resentment of Davis's interference. Pemberton's army surrendered on July 4, Along with the capture of Port Hudson a week later, the loss of Vicksburg gave the Union complete control of the Mississippi River and cut the Confederacy in two.

President Davis wryly ascribed the strategic defeat to a "want of provisions inside and a general outside [Johnston] who would not fight.

The relationship between Johnston and Davis, difficult since the early days of the war, became bitter as recriminations were traded publicly about who was to blame for Vicksburg.

That Johnston never wanted this theater command in the first place, difficulty in effectively moving troops due to lack of direct rail lines and the vast distances involved, lack of assistance from subordinate commanders, Pemberton's refusal to abandon Vicksburg as suggested, and President Davis' habit of communicating directly to Johnston's subordinates which meant Johnston was often not aware of what was going on all contributed to this defeat.

Louis Wigfall. Instead, Bragg's army was removed from Johnston's command, leaving him in control of only Alabama and Mississippi.

While Vicksburg was falling, Union Maj. William S. Rosecrans was advancing against Bragg in Tennessee, forcing him to evacuate Chattanooga.

Bragg achieved a significant victory against Rosecrans in the Battle of Chickamauga September 19—20 , but he was defeated by Ulysses S.

Grant in the Battles for Chattanooga in November. Bragg resigned from his command of the Army of Tennessee and returned to Richmond in the role as military adviser to the president.

Davis offered the position to William J. Hardee , the senior corps commander, who refused it.

He considered P. Beauregard, another general with whom he had poor personal relations, and also Robert E. Lee, who was reluctant to leave Virginia, first recommended Beauregard, but sensing Davis's discomfort, changed his recommendation to Johnston.

Faced with Maj. William T. Sherman 's advance from Chattanooga to Atlanta in the spring of , Johnston conducted a series of withdrawals that appeared similar to his Peninsula Campaign strategy.

He repeatedly prepared strong defensive positions, only to see Sherman maneuver around them in expert turning movements , causing him to fall back in the general direction of Atlanta.

Johnston saw the preservation of his army as the most important consideration, and hence conducted a very cautious campaign. He handled his army well, slowing the Union advance and inflicting heavier losses than he sustained.

Sherman began his Atlanta Campaign on May 4. Johnston's Army of Tennessee fought defensive battles against the Federals at the approaches to Dalton , which was evacuated on May 13, then retreated 12 miles south to Resaca, and constructed defensive positions.

However, after a brief battle , Johnston again yielded to Sherman, and retreated from Resaca on May Los Mercenarios 4.

Sylvester Stallone , Jason Statham. John Wick: Chapter 4. Keanu Reeves. Tiger's Apprentice. Carlos Baena. Cyberpunk: Edgerunners Serie de TV.

Hiroyuki Imaishi , Masahiko Otsuka. Untitled Star Trek Sequel. Noah Hawley. Thor: Love and Thunder. Taika Waititi.

Wolf Creek 3. Greg McLean. John Jarratt. Black Panther 2. Ryan Coogler. Andy Muschietti. Cowboy Ninja Viking.

Michelle MacLaren. Chris Pratt , Priyanka Chopra. Miguel Sapochnik. Aquaman 2. James Wan. Jason Momoa , Amber Heard.

Edgar Wright. Demolition Man 2. Sylvester Stallone. Matrix 4. Lana Wachowski. Untitled Super Mario Bros. Animated Film.

Sesame Street. Jonathan Krisel. Anne Hathaway , Bo Burnham. Doctor Strange in the Multiverse of Madness. Sam Raimi.

Peter Pan and Wendy. David Lowery. Alexander Molony , Ever Anderson. The Hunchback of Notre-Dame. Untitled Jonathan Glazer Project.

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