Chad White Chad White
Tsd. Abonnenten, folgen, Beiträge - Sieh dir Instagram-Fotos und -Videos von Chad White (@chadwhite21) an. Perfekte Chad White Stock-Fotos und -Bilder sowie aktuelle Editorial-Aufnahmen von Getty Images. Download hochwertiger Bilder, die man nirgendwo sonst. Bei Male Model Chad White zum Beispiel, der seinen eingeölten Körper in der Kampagne für Dolce & Gabbana Jewels zum Kauf darbietet. Profile picture for. Sind Sie Autor? Besuchen Sie Author Central, um Ihr Foto zu ändern, Ihre Biografie zu bearbeiten und vieles mehr. Siehe Autoren-Seiten FAQ. Sonst noch. Serien und Filme mit Chad White: Chad – Der Sextherapeut · The Mistress Vol. 2 · Riley Reid superscharf.
Sehen Sie sich das Profil von Chad White auf LinkedIn an, dem weltweit größten beruflichen Netzwerk. 1 Job ist im Profil von Chad White aufgelistet. Sehen Sie. Bei Male Model Chad White zum Beispiel, der seinen eingeölten Körper in der Kampagne für Dolce & Gabbana Jewels zum Kauf darbietet. Profile picture for. (Der Unternehmensname ist nur für eingeloggte Mitglieder sichtbar.) Chad White spricht folgende Sprachen: Englisch. Erfahren Sie mehr über Chad White! Zeit zum Schlafengehen! Sie überlebt den Stromschlag und wird in eine Nervenklinik flavio parenti, wo die Ärzte vo…. Sarah ist eine junge Frau, die gerade im Begriff ist, die Karriereleiter emporzuklettern, als sie ungewollt schwanger wird. In ihrer mittlerweile über 40 Jahre click to see more Musikkarriere wurde sie mehrfach…. Helfen Sie uns bei der Verbesserung unserer Autorenseiten, indem Click the following article Ihre Bibliografie aktualisieren und ein just click for source oder aktuelles Bild und eine Biografie übermitteln. John ist ein weiteres Mal gezwungen aus seinem Ruhestand zurückzukehren: Ein ehemaliger Kollege wurde damit beauftragt, die Kontrolle über eine mysteriöse, internationa…. Anmelden Konto anlegen. Amazon Advertising Kunden finden, gewinnen und binden.
Chad's official languages are Arabic and French. Chad is home to over different ethnic and linguistic groups. Beginning in the 7th millennium BC, human populations moved into the Chadian basin in great numbers.
By the end of the 1st millennium AD, a series of states and empires had risen and fallen in Chad's Sahelian strip, each focused on controlling the trans-Saharan trade routes that passed through the region.
France conquered the territory by and incorporated it as part of French Equatorial Africa. Resentment towards his policies in the Muslim north culminated in the eruption of a long-lasting civil war in In the rebels conquered the capital and put an end to the South's hegemony.
With French support, a modernization of the Chadian armed forces was initiated in Since the Darfur crisis in Sudan has spilt over the border and destabilised the nation.
Poor already, the nation and people struggled to accommodate the hundreds of thousands of Sudanese refugees who live in and around camps in eastern Chad.
Chad is one of the poorest and most corrupt countries in the world; most inhabitants live in poverty as subsistence herders and farmers. Since crude oil has become the country's primary source of export earnings, superseding the traditional cotton industry.
Chad has a poor human rights record , with frequent abuses such as arbitrary imprisonment, extrajudicial killings, and limits on civil liberties by both security forces and armed militias.
In the 7th millennium BCE, ecological conditions in the northern half of Chadian territory favored human settlement, and its population increased considerably.
For more than 2, years, the Chadian Basin has been inhabited by agricultural and sedentary people. The region became a crossroads of civilizations.
The earliest of these were the legendary Sao , known from artifacts and oral histories. The Sao fell to the Kanem Empire ,   the first and longest-lasting of the empires that developed in Chad's Sahelian strip by the end of the 1st millennium AD.
Two other states in the region, Sultanate of Bagirmi and Wadai Empire emerged in the 16th and 17th centuries.
The power of Kanem and its successors was based on control of the trans-Saharan trade routes that passed through the region.
French colonial expansion led to the creation of the Territoire Militaire des Pays et Protectorats du Tchad in By , France had secured full control of the colony and incorporated it as part of French Equatorial Africa.
The French primarily viewed the colony as an unimportant source of untrained labour and raw cotton; France introduced large-scale cotton production in The colonial administration in Chad was critically understaffed and had to rely on the dregs of the French civil service.
Only the Sara of the south was governed effectively; French presence in the Islamic north and east was nominal. The educational system was affected by this neglect.
After World War II , France granted Chad the status of overseas territory and its inhabitants the right to elect representatives to the National Assembly and a Chadian assembly.
Two years later, Tombalbaye banned opposition parties and established a one-party system. Tombalbaye's autocratic rule and insensitive mismanagement exacerbated inter-ethnic tensions.
Tombalbaye was overthrown and killed in ,  but the insurgency continued. Armed factions, many from the north's rebellion, contended for power.
The disintegration of Chad caused the collapse of France's position in the country. Libya moved to fill the power vacuum and became involved in Chad's civil war.
He won a second term five years later. Instead, internal dissent worsened, and a new civil war broke out. Ethnic violence in eastern Chad has increased; the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees has warned that a genocide like that in Darfur may yet occur in Chad.
Chad is currently one of the leading partners in a West African coalition in the fight against Boko Haram.
Chad has also been included on Presidential Proclamation , the expanded version of United States president Donald Trump's Executive Order , which restricts entry by nationals from 8 countries, including Chad, into the US.
This move has angered the Chadian government. It is slightly smaller than Peru and slightly larger than South Africa.
Chad is bounded to the north by Libya , to the east by Sudan , to the west by Niger , Nigeria and Cameroon , and to the south by the Central African Republic.
The region's tall grasses and extensive marshes make it favourable for birds, reptiles, and large mammals. Chad's major rivers—the Chari , Logone and their tributaries—flow through the southern savannas from the southeast into Lake Chad.
Each year a tropical weather system known as the intertropical front crosses Chad from south to north, bringing a wet season that lasts from May to October in the south, and from June to September in the Sahel.
The Sahara lies in the country's northern third. Yearly precipitations throughout this belt are under 50 millimetres 2. In the Sahel, a steppe of thorny bushes mostly acacias gradually gives way to the south to East Sudanian savanna in Chad's Sudanese zone.
Chad's animal and plant life correspond to the three climatic zones. In the Saharan region, the only flora is the date-palm groves of the oasis.
Palms and acacia trees grow in the Sahelian region. The southern, or Sudanic, zone consists of broad grasslands or prairies suitable for grazing.
As of , there were at least species of mammals, species of birds species of residents and migrants , and over 1, species of plants throughout the country.
Elephants , lions , buffalo , hippopotamuses , rhinoceroses , giraffes , antelopes , leopards , cheetahs , hyenas , and many species of snakes are found here, although most large carnivore populations have been drastically reduced since the early 20th century.
The small group of surviving West African crocodiles in the Ennedi Plateau represents one of the last colonies known in the Sahara today.
Extensive deforestation has resulted in loss of trees such as acacias, baobab, dates and palm trees. This has also caused loss of natural habitat for wild animals; one of the main reasons for this is also hunting and livestock farming by increasing human settlements.
Populations of animals like lions, leopards and rhino have fallen significantly. Efforts have been made by the Food and Agriculture Organization to improve relations between farmers, agro-pastoralists and pastoralists in the Zakouma National Park ZNP , Siniaka-Minia, and Aouk reserve in southeastern Chad to promote sustainable development.
Poaching is a serious problem in the country, particularly of elephants for the profitable ivory industry and a threat to lives of rangers even in the national parks such as Zakouma.
Elephants are often massacred in herds in and around the parks by organized poaching. Chad's national statistical agency projected the country's population between 13,, and 13,,, with 13,, as its medium projection; based on the medium projection, 3,, people lived in urban areas and 10,, people lived in rural areas.
The birth rate is estimated at The life expectancy is 52 years. Chad's population is unevenly distributed. Density is 0. In the capital, it is even higher.
Urban life is concentrated in the capital, whose population is mostly engaged in commerce. With the , Chadians displaced by the civil war in the east, this has generated increased tensions among the region's communities.
This is sanctioned by law, which automatically permits polygamy unless spouses specify that this is unacceptable upon marriage.
Women lack equal opportunities in education and training, making it difficult for them to compete for the relatively few formal-sector jobs.
Although property and inheritance laws based on the French code do not discriminate against women, local leaders adjudicate most inheritance cases in favour of men, according to traditional practice.
Chad has more than distinct ethnic groups,  which create diverse social structures. The colonial administration and independent governments have attempted to impose a national society, but for most Chadians the local or regional society remains the most important influence outside the immediate family.
Nevertheless, Chad's people may be classified according to the geographical region in which they live. In the south live sedentary people such as the Sara , the nation's main ethnic group, whose essential social unit is the lineage.
In the Sahel sedentary peoples live side-by-side with nomadic ones, such as the Arabs, the country's second major ethnic group.
The north is inhabited by nomads, mostly Toubous. Chad's official languages are Arabic and French , but over languages and dialects are spoken.
Due to the important role played by itinerant Arab traders and settled merchants in local communities, Chadian Arabic has become a lingua franca.
Chad is a religiously diverse country. Estimates from Pew Research Center in found that Animism includes a variety of ancestor and place-oriented religions whose expression is highly specific.
The majority of Muslims in the country are adherents of a moderate branch of mystical Islam Sufism. Roman Catholics represent the largest Christian denomination in the country.
Most Protestants, including the Nigeria-based "Winners' Chapel", are affiliated with various evangelical Christian groups.
Both faiths were introduced after independence in and therefore are considered to be "new" religions in the country.
Chad is home to foreign missionaries representing both Christian and Islamic groups. Saudi Arabian funding generally supports social and educational projects and extensive mosque construction.
Chad's constitution provides for a strong executive branch headed by a president who dominates the political system.
The president has the power to appoint the prime minister and the cabinet, and exercises considerable influence over appointments of judges, generals, provincial officials and heads of Chad's para-statal firms.
The president is directly elected by popular vote for a five-year term; in constitutional term limits were removed,  allowing a president to remain in power beyond the previous two-term limit.
Chad's legal system is based on French civil law and Chadian customary law where the latter does not interfere with public order or constitutional guarantees of equality.
Despite the constitution's guarantee of judicial independence, the president names most key judicial officials.
The legal system's highest jurisdictions, the Supreme Court and the Constitutional Council , have become fully operational since The Supreme Court is made up of a chief justice, named by the president, and 15 councillors, appointed for life by the president and the National Assembly.
The Constitutional Court is headed by nine judges elected to nine-year terms. It has the power to review legislation, treaties and international agreements prior to their adoption.
The National Assembly makes legislation. The body consists of members elected for four-year terms who meet three times per year.
The Assembly holds regular sessions twice a year, starting in March and October, and can hold special sessions when called by the prime minister.
Deputies elect a National Assembly president every two years. The president must sign or reject newly passed laws within 15 days.
The National Assembly must approve the prime minister's plan of government and may force the prime minister to resign through a majority vote of no confidence.
However, if the National Assembly rejects the executive branch's programme twice in one year, the president may disband the Assembly and call for new legislative elections.
In practice, the president exercises considerable influence over the National Assembly through his party, the Patriotic Salvation Movement MPS , which holds a large majority.
In Chad had the seventh highest score on the failed state index. Since then the trend has been upwards each year. Chad had the fourth highest score behind Sudan on the Failed State Index of and as of [update] , is ranked fifth.
In southern Chad, bitter conflicts over land are becoming more and more common. They frequently turn violent.
Long-standing community culture is being eroded — and so are the livelihoods of many farmers.
Homosexual acts are illegal and can be punished by 15 to 20 years in prison. Chad's greatest foreign influence is France, which maintains 1, soldiers in the country.
There have been numerous rebel groups in Chad throughout the last few decades. In addition, there have been various conflicts with Khartoum 's Janjaweed rebels in eastern Chad, who killed civilians by use of helicopter gunships.
In , the UFR reportedly had a force estimating 6, men and vehicles. Since Chad has been divided into 23 regions. Each region is headed by a presidentially appointed governor.
Prefects administer the 61 departments within the regions. This estimate however dropped after the end of the Civil war in Chad — to 2.
Chad's currency is the CFA franc. In the s, the Mining industry of Chad produced sodium carbonate , or natron. There have also been reports of gold -bearing quartz in the Biltine Prefecture.
However, years of civil war have scared away foreign investors; those who left Chad between and have only recently begun to regain confidence in the country's future.
In major direct foreign investment in the oil sector began, boosting the country's economic prospects. An uneven inclusion into the global political economy as a site for colonial resource extraction primarily cotton and crude oil , a global economic system that does not promote nor encourage the development of Chadian industrialization,  and the failure to support local agricultural production has meant that the majority of Chadians live in daily uncertainty and hunger.
In the Sahel only the hardier varieties of millet grow, and these with much lower yields than in the south. On the other hand, the Sahel is ideal pastureland for large herds of commercial cattle and for goats, sheep, donkeys and horses.
The Sahara's scattered oases support only some dates and legumes. Residue of faecal matter situated between arse cheeks after incomplete wiping and can spread to balls.
The smell of chad emanates further and becomes more putrid the riper it gets; annoying all those in close proximity, while the chaded person is often oblivious to their wafting odour.
Left unattended the chad will become skid marks. In reference to the male anatomy; the space between the anus and scrotal sac.
The etymology is uncertain as to which definition came first and it's likely the term bifurcated into both definitions after those with chad on their chad created the ambiguity.
One person telling another the smell of his chad was verging on offensive. Some of those overhearing the complaint went away assuming chad to mean the first definition above, while others assumed it was the second definition.
Differentiation between the two is determined by how chad is used in a sentence. The girl's first sentence below is rather ambiguous, while it's obvious the guy is referring to his itchy chad anatomy.
The guy's last sentence below uses both definitions to beautiful effect, respectively. Both definitions spread like wildfire equally and preference of one definition over the other can be regional.
Globally, most places accept both definitions and the local translation of the English name Chad, all in lower case, is used in many instances.
Girl: Phew dude! I can smell your chad from here Guy: My chad is so damn itchy too! Girl: Did you wipe properly? Guy: Yeah, excuse me while I go wipe again.
Girl: Dude! The sticky build up found between the scrotum and arse. For other uses, see Chad disambiguation.
Not to be confused with Chav. Chicago Redeye Tribune Co. Retrieved 2 April But there are terms within this Chi-alect that are specific to the North and South Sides.
Flak Magazine. Archived from the original on September 10, Retrieved May 9, George Takei. Retrieved Examining the 'rebellion' praised by Toronto van attack suspect".